Fine Food and Drinks of Greece
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Salts essence cannot be changed; even if dissolved in water it may be evaporated back to its crystalline form. This makes salt an ideal symbol of loyalty. Jews dip the Sabbath bread in salt to preserve the covenant between their people and God; Indian troops pledged their loyalty to the British Raj with salt.

The ancient Roman Army sometimes paid their soldiers in salt. From this practice comes the term "worth his salt." It also provides the root of the word "salary": from the Latin, sal, for salt.

100% of Greece’s salt production today is sea salt; that is, salt obtained by evaporation of sea water usually in shallow basins warmed by sunlight.

Unlike mined salt, sea salt contains small amounts of additional minerals that regulate the metabolism and the functioning of the thyroid gland. This means sea salt can prevent iodine deficiency and the symptoms associated with it.

The Ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans invoked their gods with offerings of salt and water. This is thought to be the origin of the Holy Water used in the Christian faith.

The production and transportation of salt was so important throughout human history that places have been named for it. Such is the case of Salzburg – literally the "city of salt" – and of Italy’s Via Salaria (the salt road).

In traditional Japanese theater, salt is sprinkled on the stage to keep away evil spirits.

Farmers in the Middle Ages saved harvests being devastated by a fungal infection by immersing the crop in brine. This may be why Anglo-Saxon farmers kept a piece of salt in their plow as a magic talisman.

Saltworks in the ancient world were usually situated next to fishing areas. This created a sort of neo-industrial zone where several salt-based products could be produced, like salted fish and purple dye. The Greeks devised an entire vocabulary to describe salted fish, designating them by such categories as: type of cure, place of origin, cut of fish, salted with scales and salted without scales.

Kalloni S.A., located on the island of Lesvos, continues the above tradition. Makers of fine salted fish products, the company has its
own saltworks.

Greece’s modern day salt center lies close to the town of Messolonghi, on the Gulf of Patras. The pristine conditions of the salt gardens there create a valued and special ecosystem for a large number of bird species, including some.

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